What is GATE?

What is GATE?

PUBLISH DATE 14th June 2017

What is GATE?

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an All-India examination administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE Committee comprising of Faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and other seven IIT’s on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development. The GATE score/rank is used for admissions to Post Graduate Programmes (ME, M.Tech, MS, Direct Ph.D.) in institutes like IITs and IISc etc with financial assistance offered by MHRD. PSUs too use the GATE scores for recruiting candidates for various prestigious jobs with attractive remuneration.

In GATE examination, candidates can apply for only one of the 23 papers listed in the table given below. Candidates are expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of their qualifying degree. However, candidates are free to choose any paper according to their admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the institutions in which they wish to seek admission. For more details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, candidates are advised to refer to the websites of that particular institute.





Aerospace Engineering


Geology and Geophysics


Agricultural Engineering


Instrumentation Engineering


Architecture and Planning


Life Sciences






Civil Engineering


Mechanical Engineering


Chemical Engineering


Mining Engineering


Computer Science &

Information Technology


Metallurgical Engineering






Electronics and Communication



Production and Industrial Engineering


Electrical Engineering


Textile Engineering & Fibre Science


Engineering Sciences


Ecology and Evolution


Petrolium Engineering





Why GATE 2018?

GATE is considered to be the standard examination conducted not only for post graduation admissions but also to open the gates for lucrative opportunities in several public sector enterprises and research organizations. Based on the score achieved in GATE, admissions are offered in IITs, IISc, and NITs, and abundant opportunities for campus placements with salary packages ranging from Rs. 6 lakh to 30 lakh. Candidates on qualifying GATE, get a financial aid of 8000/- pm in the form of UGC scholarship.

Students interested in management can swing in the management line by pursuing a PG Diploma of 2 years in Industrial Engineering. Some institutes in India also offer admissions in the post Graduate programmes on the basis of GATE score.

GATE exam is important because of below mentioned factors:

  • M.Tech - Campus placements in National and International private or public companies

  • Several reputed PSUs and research organizations recruits on basis of GATE Score. i.e. IOCL, NTPC, BHEL, PGCIL, BARC etc.

  • Teaching: Professor, Asst. Professor at IITs, NITs, reputed educational institutes etc.

  • Junior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.

  • Senior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.

  • Junior Research Associates/ Senior Project Associates

  • Scientists “C” grade jobs

  • Career in Research & Development

  • Technical value addition

  • Expertise in subject/domain specialization

GATE 2018 Eligibility

The following candidates are eligible to appear in GATE 2018:

  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/ Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs.

  • Bachelor’s degree holders in Architecture (Five years course) and those who are in the final year of such programs.

  • Bachelor’s degree holders of Four-year program in Science (B.S.) and those who are in the final year of such programs.

  • Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.

  • Holders of Four-year Integrated Master’s degree (Post B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology and those who are in the second or higher year of such programs.

  • Holders of Five-year Integrated Master’s degree or Dual Degree in Engineering/Technology and those who are in the fourth or higher year of such programs.

  • Holders of Five-year integrated M.Sc. or Five-year integrated B.Sc./M.Sc. degree and those who are in the final year of such programs.

  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/AICTE/ MHRD as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed Section A of AMIE or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

GATE 2018 Exam Pattern





No. of


Marks Per




General Aptitude

1 to 5








1 to 25




26 to 55




Total Questions : 65

Total Marks : 100

Total Duration : 3 hours

Technical Section :

 70 marks

General Aptitude: 15 marks

Engineering Mathematics :

15 marks

25 marks to 40 marks will allotted to Numeric Answer Type Questions


Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

These questions are objective in nature and each question will have choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer. Each question carries 1 or 2 marks questions in all the sections.

Numerical Answer Questions

There will be no choices available for these types of questions. A Numeric Answer question carries 1 or 2 marks questions in all sections. The answer for these questions is a real number to be entered by using mouse and virtual keypad displayed on the monitor. No negative marking for these questions.


Negative Marking

Questions Type


Negative Marking

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

1 mark


2 marks


Numerical Answer Questions

1 mark


2 marks


GATE 2018 Exam Schedule

GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS)
Website Opens for Enrolment, Application
Filling, Application Submission

September 01, 2017 (Friday)

Last Date for Submission of Online
Application through Website

October 05, 2017 (Thursday)

Last Date for Request for Change in the
Choice of Examination City via GOAPS login

November 17, 2017 (Friday)

Availability of Admit Card on the Online 
Application Interface for printing

January 05, 2018 (Friday)

GATE 2018 Online Examination Dates

February 03- 04 & February 10- 11, 2018
(Saturdays & Sundays)

Announcement of Results on the Online Application Website

March 17, 2018 (Saturday)

Subject Specialization Priority

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

  • VLSI Design Tool Technology

  • Integrated Electronics & Circuits

  • Micro Electronics

  • Microwave Engineering

  • Communication Engg

  • Telecommunication Technology & Management

  • Optoelectronics & Optical Communication

  • Nanotechnology

  • Digital Signal Processing

  • Control & Automation

Electrical Engineering

  • Power Electronics

  • Machines & Drives

  • Power Systems

  • Control & Automation

  • Digital Signal Processing

  • Instrumentation Technology

Mechanical Engineering

  • Design of Mechanical Equipment or Machine Design

  • Thermal Engineering

  • Manufacturing Science & Engineering

  • Production Engineering

  • Industrial Engineering

  • Material Science & management

Civil Engineering

  • Structural Engineering

  • Geotechnical Engineering

  • Construction Engineering &Management

  • Transportation Engineering

  • Environmental Engineering

  • Earthquake Engineering

  • Water Resources Engineering

  • Rock Engineering & Underground Structure

Computer Science and Engineering & Information Technology

  • Computer Science

  • Information Technology

  • Information Security

  • Software Engineering

  • Distributed Computing

  • Image Processing

  • Computer Systems and Hardware

  • Database and Information Systems

  • Programming languages

  • Computer Networks and Distributed Systems

  • Artificial Intelligence

  • Advanced Computing

Types of Questions

GATE 2018 Exam consists of Multiple Choice Questions and Numerical Type Questions in all papers & sections. Multiple Choice Questions will contain 4 options, of which only one is correct. For Numerical Type Questions a numerical value as the answer should be entered using mouse and virtual keyboard on the monitor. The following are type of Questions:

a. Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory directly or at most from a one-line computation.

b. Comprehension: These questions will test the candidate's understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.

c. Application: In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.

d. Analysis and Synthesis: These can be linked questions, where the answer to the first question of the pair is required in order to answer its successor. Or these can be common data questions, in which two questions share the same data but can be solved independently of one another.

e. Common Data Questions: Multiple questions may be linked to a common data problem, passage and the like. Two or three questions can be formed from the given common data problem. Each question is independent and its solution obtainable from the above problem data/passage directly. (Answer of the previous question is not required to solve the next question). Each question under this group will carry two marks.

f. Linked Answer Questions: These questions are of problem solving type. A problem statement is followed by two questions based on the problem statement. The two questions are designed such that the solution to the second question depends upon the answer to the first one. In other words, the first answer is an intermediate step in working out the second answer. Each question in such linked answer questions will carry two marks.

How to prepare for GATE 2018?

  • GATE examination consists only of multiple and numerical answer type questions, hence only correct answer fetches marks.

  • Practice previous year question papers and analyze the weak topics and concentrate more on those topics. Candidates must try to solve the papers in a given time limit to obtain an idea as to how many questions are solved within the allotted time.

  • Impart equal emphasis on both theory and numerical problems. 

  • Browse through the GATE syllabus for topics allotted more weightage and prepare them.

  • Group Study is an effective way to brush up knowledge about technical topics with fellow partners and also helps to explore new techniques and methods to better understand the topics.

  • Do not make wild guess as there is negative marking associated with the questions. 

  • Prepare the list of important definitions, equations, derivations, theorems, laws in every subject.

  • Pay more attention while attempting linked and common data questions.

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